Literature review child abuse and neglect

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you. Child abuse is a contemporary issue that the society should examine skeptically to end it. Child abuse can be avoided if the right measures and strategies are put in place. Various researchers have contributed to this topic widely. Child abuse can result in traumatic experiences in the lives of children who have been affected. Moreover, various types of child maltreatment take place in various parts of the world.

To fully understand the issues well, there is a need to analyze the various research works that have been conducted Tehrani, As already noted, child abuse should stop at all costs in a bid to avoid incidences of trauma arising as a result of maltreatment.

Additionally, the topic of discussion is of relevance to the community in general as it enlightens the society on the dangers of condoning such a vice. All specialists in this particular field require all the necessary information to be able to determine the best interventions for people with such a disorder. Notably, different forms can consist of child abuse including physical, emotional, and even sexual abuse. The different authors who have researched on the topic before have given their views and the possible interventions that counselors and psychologists can use to handle the problem.

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Children can be vulnerable in many aspects, and abusing to them can lead to traumatic issues, which can be challenging to handle.

For instance, in a research conducted and presented by Kemoli and Mavinduthere is a clear illustration of the topic and how it has harmful effects on an individual. The authors have presented their information in a more coherent way. The boy undergoing treatment at the hospital in the case study has swellings and feels pain due to a disorder that arose as a result of both physical and psychological scars that exist in the child.

The study asserts that appropriate intervention measures were put in place to help the boy out of the problem. The authors have noted three key factors, which are considered to be contributing to trauma including poverty, sexual harassment, and social isolation Burns, The article has contributed positively to the line of psychology as the experts can borrow information.

Another piece of work that has been done on the topic was conducted by Sarahwhich closely examines child abuse and the various types of traumatic experiences that children can undergo.

They can result from physical injuries, psychological scars, sexual harassment, and neglect Adlem, In the article, the researcher has stated that natural occurrences such as earthquakes, famine, and drought can lead to psychological trauma or physical implications to the life of a child.

Free Literature Review On Child Abuse And Neglect

There are specific conditions that may arise as a result of psychological trauma in children. The author of the research has noted that there has been a decline in the number of cases that involve child abuse lately. The decrease is a good indication that the society is headed in the right direction. Additionally, the article asserts that the decrease can be attributed to improvements in the healthcare sector, direct prevention, economic advancements and even generational changes Bratushevskaya, Moreover, strict legal policies that have been implemented and application of psychiatric medicine have all been helpful in reducing the impacts that are felt as a result of child abuse.

A study conducted by the US Human Health and Human Services in the year has indicated that child abuse victims have decreased. As indicated in the study, the PTSD that can arise as a result of trauma can be severe to the extent of causing death to one Bonner, Trauma affects individuals depending on the levels of severity that it has reached.

Counselors who seek to help people in the community should take note of this in the process. The limited ability in children to cope up with various stressing issues in life makes them vulnerable to their effects. Psychologists who have specialized in this field should consider this research as a resourceful document in the process of solving various causes of trauma.We use cookies to enhance our website for you.

A Literature Review of the Issue and Dangers of Child Abuse

Proceed if you agree to this policy or learn more about it. Type of paper: Literature Review. According to the U. Department of Health and Human Services as cited in Child Welfare Information Gateway,there werechildren who were victimized by child abuse and neglect in Aside from the physical injuries, which may or may not be readily visible, the abuse and neglect can have lifetime consequences for children, their families, and the society.

In particular, the consequences of child abuse and neglect can be classified as societal, behavioral, psychological, and physical, although in reality, it would be impossible to separate them completely from each other Child Welfare Information Gateway, Some of the physical consequences of child abuse and neglect include poor physical health, impaired brain development, and the shaken baby syndrome while the psychological consequences include social difficulties, cognitive difficulties, poor mental and emotional health, and difficulties during infancy Child Welfare Information Gateway, On the other hand, behavioral consequences include difficulties during adolescence, adult criminality juvenile delinquency, abusive behavior, and alcohol and other drug abuse Child Welfare Information Gateway, As well, this is affirmed by the findings of Widomwhich showed that compared to a control group, the recipients who were victims of abuse and neglect had higher rates of arrests for violent offenses and adult criminality, but not for adult arrests for child neglect or abuse.

Finally, societal consequences include direct costs, such as those associated with child welfare systems, and indirect costs, which are representative of the long-term economic effects of child abuse and neglect Child Welfare Information Gateway, Although child protection laws exist, the main challenge when it comes to ensuring the protection and safety of children is the lack of universal standards in terms of what qualifies as child maltreatment Lewitt, In particular, the definition of child maltreatment is largely dependent on social norms.

Child maltreatment includes emotional or psychological harm, sexual abuse, physical injury, and general, educational, and medical neglect. However, these categories remain quite vague or broad in that personal judgment would still be required in the determination of the intent, purpose, or outcome of an action. Lewitt asserted the importance of obtaining accurate statistical information about instances of child abuse.

Although this data in itself will not protect children from maltreatment, such data will enable society to better fight against child maltreatment. Moreover, it will enable the evaluation of the effectiveness of the various CPS programs. Although the instances of child fatalities as a result of child maltreatment has fairly stabilized, a study conducted by Lewitt showed that only 70 percent of reported cases were pursued by CPS agencies and that more than 40 percent of the deaths that resulted from child maltreatment had prior contact with CPS agencies.

Moreover, with a large number of cases being misreported or underreported, the proper assessment of policies that are intended to address the problem of child abuse and neglect is impeded. This makes it even more important to come up with accurate measures of maltreatment, as this will enable the progress made in fighting and preventing this problem to be monitored Lewitt, As well, they recommended that findings from child maltreatment research and intervention be applied to CPS agency guidelines and used to enable their staff to make better decisions.

One of the popular services provided for the prevention of child abuse is home visits. Briere, J. Self-reported amnesia for abuse in adults molested as children. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 6 1 Psychological assessment of interpersonal. Psychotherapy, 34 4 Bissada, A. Crouch, J. Gil, E. Prevalence and psychological sequelae of self-reported.Already a member? Sign in. ABSTRACT: Child abuse and neglect occur in epidemic numbers in the United States and around the world, resulting in major physical and mental health consequences for abused children in the present and future.

A vast amount of information is available on the signs and symptoms and short- and long-term consequences of abuse. A limited number of instruments have been empirically developed to screen for child abuse, with most focused on physical abuse in the context of the emergency department, which have been found to be minimally effective and lacking rigor.

This literature review focuses on physical, sexual, and psychological abuse and neglect, occurring in one or multiple forms polyabuse. A systematic, in-depth analysis of the literature was conducted. This literature review provides information for identifying children who have been abused and neglected but exposes the need for a comprehensive screening instrument or protocol that will capture all forms of child abuse and neglect.

Screening needs to be succinct, user-friendly, and amenable for use with children at every point of care in the healthcare system. If the abuse remains unidentified and untreated, the long-term consequences of abuse and neglect can carry into adulthood Chen et al. Cronholm and Witherspoon categorize child abuse and neglect as acts of commission abuse and omission neglect.

Abuse and neglect prevention is the optimal goal, but given the current challenge of achieving this goal, it is imperative that all healthcare providers working with children be equipped to identify, halt, and intervene when signs of abuse are observed.

The World Health Organization estimates that as many as 40 million children are abused in any given year. Inthe number of U. This estimate is considered low due to underreporting and injury deaths falsely classified as accidental or not recognized as neglect related Child Welfare Information Gateway, As a society, we have the responsibility of safeguarding our children who are the most vulnerable within the population.

To effectively do this, healthcare providers at every point of care must effectively identify and intervene on behalf of children who deserve a life free from abuse. The Child Welfare Information Gateway reports that 3. In addition, an estimatedchildren were victims of abuse and neglect, with the greatest number of children experiencing neglect or physical abuse. Children in the first year of life had the highest rate of victimization.

These numbers do not reflect the deaths caused by other means related to child abuse, nor do they include deaths outside the United States. Although the United States does not have the highest rate of child abuse worldwide, it does have the third highest annual number of deaths due to child maltreatment for children under the age of 15 years out of 27 industrialized nations behind Portugal and Mexico; UNICEF, According to the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionthe financial cost of child abuse in the United States topped billion dollars inrivaling the cost of other major health problems such as Type II diabetes and stroke in the adult population.

These costs are only the current costs and do not take into account the individual lifelong problems associated with child abuse. Children who endure repeated abuse and neglect may experience attachment disorder, cognitive challenges, social difficulties, and compromised mental health, and are more prone to substance abuse with increased negative contact with law enforcement and the judicial system Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children's Bureau, USDHHS, These children are also more likely to experience permanent physical impairment, decreased brain development and participate in risky sexual behaviors Chen et al.

The emotional, societal, and monetary costs of the adverse physical, psychological, behavioral, and social effects of child abuse and neglect do not end with a damaged childhood but can be carried into adulthood. InFelitti et al. A strong relationship between childhood abuse and the leading health conditions that contribute to early morbidity and mortality in adulthood, such as heart, lung, and liver disease and cancer, was established.

Risk factors associated with these health conditions include smoking, depressed mood, suicide attempts, physical inactivity, alcoholism, drug abuse, parenteral drug use, severe obesity, and multiple sexual partners with a history of sexually transmitted diseases Felitti et al. The ACE score correlates with the number of adverse childhood events-the higher the score, the higher the potential for morbidity and mortality. The ACE study linked child abuse to a long-term burden for the victim with incalculable costs to society Felitti et al.

Despite the known problems that child abuse and neglect cause, screening for it remains sporadic, with most screening conducted in emergency settings. The U. Preventive Services Task Force is an independent panel of experts in primary care and prevention that systematically reviews the evidence for effectiveness and develops recommendations for clinical preventive services.

Inthe task force found that, although child abuse is a very serious problem, there is insufficient evidence to determine how primary care practices can prevent abuse or neglect and therefore assigned a rating for screening children for abuse at "I" for inconclusive.The primary individual who receives more trauma, humiliation and stigma is the child.

Abuse is not a good way to support the growth and development of the children. It is not also supported by the people namely social workers because of the negative effects that it may bring to the children which might reflect in their future self. Moreover, there are programs and organization that promotes It happens all around the world and the case of child abuse is not something that we should take it lightly. Even though many action have been taken by the government and reponsible institutions, cases of child abuse keep increasing.

literature review child abuse and neglect

Hence, it should be taken seriously and provide the way to protect the victim and to prevent it from happening. The imposed of law toward the child abuse The resources provided will cover topics, which will be discussed such as, three types of abusestatistics and prevalence, advocacy services and their role in protecting elderly rights.

Free Literature Review On Child Abuse And Neglect

It will also cover elder law services and how the protect the rights of the elderly. Literature Resources Muehlbauer, Melissa,R. This literature review will explore the academic readings, that help assist identity key issues relating to a criminology perspective of alcohol related problems.

Ergo, based on past research from the academic readings this literature review will explore prevention strategies that help reduce social harm to the individual and the community, and also the consequences that alcohol can lead to. Also, this literature reviewhas identified gaps within the academic They Need You I. Introduction: 1.

Toys, Ice cream, ABC songs, candy, giggles and smiles are memories everyone should have from their childhood, but they are not. Tears and silence are memoires of many children who are sexually abused.

Today I will be talking about Introduction 2. Literature Review 3. C researched how abuse affects the child 3. C clarified how to prevent child abuse 3.

Discussion 4. This level of prevention focuses on creating an ideal environment in which child abuse is least likely to ever occur. The environment can range anywhere from personal to public.

The personal environment, or macro system, would be considered the internal make-up of a family such as cultural values or financial status Child Abuse and Neglect through Church and Social Service April 21, One of the major problems which faces societies in our days is child abuse and neglect.

This problem has always existed, but it is now that scientists are beginning to discover the disastrous results that it leads to. Neglect and abuse are the same, expect in one major difference. While the damage is not intended in the cases of neglect, it is intended in the cases of abuse Griffin, Child abuse is a problem that affects over six million children in the United States each year. Despite this, the issue of child neglect is still not well understood, partially because child neglect does not have a consistent, universally accepted definition.

Some researchers consider child neglect and child abuse to be one in the same, while other researchers consider them to be conceptually different.

literature review child abuse and neglect

Some of the risk factors for increased child neglect and maltreatment have been identified. These risk factors include socioeconomic status, education level, family composition, and the presence of dysfunction family characteristics. Studies have found that children from poorer families and children of less educated parents are more likely to sustain fatal unintentional injuries than children of wealthier, better educated parents.

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Studies have also found that children living with adults unrelated to them are at increased risk for unintentional injuries and maltreatment. Dysfunctional family characteristics may even be more indicative of child neglect.

Screening Children for Abuse and Neglect: A Review of the Literature

Parental alcohol or drug abuse, parental personal history of neglect, and parental stress greatly increase the odds of neglect. Parental depression doubles the odds of child neglect. However, more research needs to be done to better understand these risk factors and to identify others.

Having a clearer understanding of the risk factors could lead to prevention and treatment, as it would allow for health care personnel to screen for high-risk children and intervene before it is too late.

Screening could also be done in the schools and organized after school activities. Parenting classes have been shown to be an effective intervention strategy by decreasing parental stress and potential for abuse, but there has been limited research done on this approach.

Parenting classes can be part of the corrective actions for parents found to be neglectful or abusive, but parenting classes may also be useful as a preventative measure, being taught in schools or readily available in higher-risk communities.

More research has to be done to better define child abuse and neglect so that it can be effectively addressed and treated. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Journal of Injury and Violence Research 6 1 —43, Child Abuse in America. National Child Abuse Statistics.

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Retrieved 6 May Google Scholar.The following is a summary of a recently published review of Swedish and international literature concerning children exposed to abuse and neglect or manifesting failure to thrive. The group is a multidisciplinary team engaged in a research project about Uppsala children exposed to mental, social and physical risks in their homes.

The project is financed by the Save the Children Fund, which has also contributed to the printing costs of the book. Various professions are represented in the research team, namely social work, family therapy, child psychiatry, child psychology, paediatrics, and sociology.

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En litteraturstudie PRU group: Child abuse by parents. A literature review. A second main report, presenting the aims, material, methods, and results of the project, is planned for publication in Abstract The following is a summary of a recently published review of Swedish and international literature concerning children exposed to abuse and neglect or manifesting failure to thrive.

Publication types Review.Jeanette Harder. Child abuse and neglect is a problem of vast proportions. Research on the effectiveness of child abuse and neglect prevention programs is critical for the provision of effective and efficient services. This article is a critical analysis of the research methodologies on child abuse and neglect prevention programs at the secondary and tertiary levels as represented in the empirical literature.

literature review child abuse and neglect

The article describes child abuse and neglect prevention programs, describes and analyzes the research conducted on these programs, and suggests ways to improve and validity of future research. There is a need for greater quantity and quality of research on child abuse and neglect prevention programs, including the increased use of comparison groups, larger sample sizes, and follow-up measurement.

Research implications for the prevention of child abuse and neglect. N2 - Child abuse and neglect is a problem of vast proportions.

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AB - Child abuse and neglect is a problem of vast proportions. Grace Abbott School of Social Work. Overview Fingerprint. Abstract Child abuse and neglect is a problem of vast proportions. Access to Document Link to publication in Scopus. Link to the citations in Scopus. Families in Society86 4 In: Families in SocietyVol. Harder, J' Research implications for the prevention of child abuse and neglect ', Families in Societyvol.

Harder J. Families in Society. Harder, Jeanette. In: Families in Society.

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